• THE LAND OF RIVIERA
     
    Italy is ideal for a seaside holiday. Thousand of kilometers of sand  beaches alternate with rugged coastlines. Charming villages and wonderful natural views. You will enjoy a holiday combining relax and amusement, for families and young people.
     
    The term Mediterranean derives from the Latin word mediterraneus, meaning “amid the earth”. Romans commonly called it Mare Nostrum (Latin, “Our Sea”). The Mediterranean Sea is arguably among the most culturally diverse block basin sea regions in the world, with a unique combination of pleasant climate, beautiful coastline, rich history and various cultures.
     
     It  is subdivided into a number of smaller seas, each with its own designation:
    ► Adriatic Sea
    Ionian Sea‎
    Sicilian Sea‎
    Tyrrhenian Sea‎
    Ligurian Sea‎
     

Map By No machine-readable author provided. NormanEinstein assumed (based on copyright claims). – No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=157083

The Adriatic Sea  is the   northern arm of the Mediterranean Sea,  from the Strait of Otranto (where it connects to the Ionian Sea) to the northwest and the Po Valley.

Protected areas:

The biodiversity of the Adriatic is relatively high, and several marine protected areas have been established by countries along its coasts. In Italy, these are Miramare in the Gulf of Trieste (in the Northern Adriatic), Torre del Cerrano and Isole Tremiti in the Middle Adriatic basin and Torre Guaceto in southern Apulia.

Furthermore, there are 10 internationally important (Ramsar) wetland reserves in Italy located along the Adriatic coast.

 

The Ionian SeaMar Ionio) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea.

It is bounded by southern Italy including Calabria, Sicily, and the Salento peninsula to the west, southern Albania to the north, and the west coast of Greece. 

The name Ionian comes from the Greek language Ἰόνιον.

According to legend, Ionius was a son of Dyrrhachus.  When Dyrrhachus was attacked by his own brothers, Heracles, who was passing through the area, came to his aid, but in the fight the hero killed his ally’s son by mistake. The corpse was cast into the sea, which thereafter was called the Ionian Sea. (Font: Wikipedia) 

 

Map Created by User:NormanEinstein, May 20, 2005. – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=157169

Strait of Sicily map it.PNG
Di 92bari - Opera propria, CC BY-SA 3.0, Collegamento

The Sicily Sea is an arm of Mediterranean sea between Sicily islanda and Africa

Plinio “the old”said : ” it is called mare siculo the part of mediterranean see between Sicily and Creta 

” inde ad Siciliam Tyrrenum, ab hac Cretam usque Siculum, ab ea Creticum. “

Tyrrhenian Sea map.png
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The Tyrrhenian Sea (Italian: Mar Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy. It is named for the Tyrrhenian people, identified since the 6th century BCE with the Etruscans of Italy.

The sea is bounded by the islands of Corsica and Sardinia (to the west), the Italian peninsula (regions of Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, Basilicata, and Calabria) to the east, and the island of Sicily (to the south).

Ports

The main ports of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Italy are: Naples, Palermo, Civitavecchia (Rome), Salerno, Trapani and Gioia Tauro. 

Note that even though the phrase “port of Rome” is frequently used, there is in fact no port in Rome. Instead, the “port of Rome” refers to the maritime facilities at Civitavecchia, some 68 km (42 miles) to the northwest of Rome, not too far from its airport.

 

The Ligurian Sea (Italian: Mar Ligure; ) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, between the Italian Riviera (Liguria and Tuscany) and the island of Corsica.

The sea is probably named after the ancient Ligures people.

Conservation

In order to provide protection for the numerous cetacean (whales and dolphins)  species in the Ligurian Sea the bordering countries established the sea as a SPAMI in 1999.

The International Ligurian Sea Cetacean Sanctuary now covers 84,000 km² covering territorial waters as well as high sea.

Ligurian Sea map.png
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